How to Cleanup and Prevent Virus or Spyware
If your current Internet Security program is not effectively blocking viruses or
spyware, you can follow the steps below to cleanup and inhibit virus or spyware on your
- Ensure that all Windows security patches and updates
have been applied (see http://update.microsoft.com/microsoftupdate/v6/default.aspx?ln=en-us)
- Run one or more
virus diagnostic scans, such as:
Detect and Remove:
- Download, install and run one or more
cleaners, such as the following FREE programs
- Install a Spyware
preventer as part of an Internet Security package, or a
FREE program such as:
- Install an effective antivirus
program. If you plan to uninstall your existing Internet
Security product (such as Norton or McAfee), do so before installing
another antivirus program. Highly regarded antivirus programs that are
for personal use on a
single computer (and may offer paid stronger versions for commercial/business use) are:
- Consult a free malware removal help forum,
- Configure the security settings in Windows as
Security in Windows.
- Install or enable a Firewall, such as the
following FREE programs:
- Install Microsoft's "Enhanced Mitigation
Experience Toolkit (EMET)" at
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2458544 and configure it to protect
specific programs installed on your computer. See "EMET Mitigations Guidelines" at
- Consider upgrading to the most recent stable and secure
version of your Internet browser
To see extensive, independent tests of the effectiveness of security
software, go to http://www.av-comparatives.org/
To temporarily disable common Antispyware programs, see the
article below "Disable Common AntiSpyware Programs."
Good passwords or passphrases should:
Avoid passwords that use:
- be 8 characters or longer, which forces
you to use multiple words or extra symbols.
- have Upper case, lower case, symbols, and
numbers; or at least three of those four groups.
created randomly or semi-randomly.
- not be a common word and or a
- not contain a date, a name, or other
things that can be associated with you.
- not be a suggestion when you type in the
first few characters into Google.
- Dictionary words in any language.
- Words spelled backwards, common
misspellings, and abbreviations.
- Sequences or repeated
characters, such as 12345678, 222222, abcdefg, or
adjacent letters on your keyboard
- Personal information, such as
birthday, driver's license, passport
number, or similar information.
To test how easily the sequence of characters in your password can be
automatically predicted by attackers, you can go to
by Microsoft Research.
To check the strength of your password, you can go to
Microsoft's Password Strength Checker.
Warning: When using any password checker, it is advisable to enter
only a paraphrase of your password - not all the actual characters.
See related articles and Internet links:
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